Currency in Circulation Rises to N2.7tn -CBN – Report

Central Bank of Nigeria
currency in circulation in Nigeria jumped by N1.7tn as cash transactions increased.

Figures obtained by The PUNCH from the Central Bank of Nigeria’s data on CIC revealed on Thursday that the currency in circulation hit N2.7tn as of the end of August.

The currency in circulation fell to N982.1bn as of the end of February 2023, due to the naira redesign policy of the apex bank.

It, however, maintained a steady rise when the policy ended, and cash earlier withdrawn from circulation in order to drive e-payments, was returned back into the economy.

The currency in circulation in the country had dipped by a 235.03 per cent to N982.1bn at the end of February from N3.29tn at the end of October 2022, on the back of the naira redesign policy of the CBN.

Figures obtained from the CBN revealed that N2.3tn was mopped up from circulation during the period under review.

The CBN defined the currency in circulation as currency outside the vaults of the central bank – that is, all legal tender currency in the hands of the general public and in the vaults of the Deposit Money Banks.

The CBN said it employed the “accounting/statistical/withdrawals & deposits approach” to compute the currency in circulation in Nigeria.

It said this approach involved tracking the movements in currency in circulation on a transaction-by-transaction basis.

According to the CBN, for every withdrawal made by a Deposit Money Bank at one of CBN’s branches, an increase in CIC is recorded; and for every deposit made by a DMB at one of CBN’s branches, a decrease in CIC is recorded.